Metode Istiṣlah (Maṣlahah) Dan Posisinya Dalam Menyelesaikan Persoalan Ekonomi Modern

  • Risyda Nurul Qolbi Institut Ilmu Al-Qur’an (IIQ) Jakarta
Keywords: economy, maslahah, murlah, ushul fiqh

Abstract

Economic activities that always move dynamically require legal clarity, especially from the perspective of Islamic law. Among the ijtihad methods applied to modern economic problems by collective mujtahids at this time is the istiṣlāh (maṣlahah murlah) method. This article aims to explain the concept of istiṣlah (maṣlahah), the views of ulama regarding the blasphemy of istiṣlah (maṣlahah) as a legal proposition, and the position of the istiṣlah (maṣlahah) method in solving modern economic problems. This research uses a qualitative research method in the form of document study with a juridical-normative approach. The primary sources for this research are books, both classical and contemporary, related to fiqh and ushul fiqh, especially related to istiṣlah. The research results show that the majority of ulama are of the opinion that istiṣlah (maṣlahah) can be used as a hujjah of syar'iyyah in the formation of law. Others reject his blasphemy as a legal proposition. The istiṣlah method (maṣlahah murlah) has an important position in the process of determining fatwas or modern economic policies in Indonesia.

References

Bahrudin, Moh. Ilmu Uṣul Fiqh. Bandar Lampung: Aura. 2019.
Darmawati. Uṣul Fiqh. Jakarta: Kencana. 2019.
al-Juday'i, Abdullah bin Yusuf. Taisir 'Ilmu Uṣūlu al-Fiqh. Beirut: Islamic Research Centre. 1997.
Miswanto, Agus. Uṣul Fiqh: Metode Ijtihad Hukum Islam Jilid 2. Magelang: UNIMMA Press. 2019.
Al-Namlah, Abdul Karim Bin Ali Bin Muhammad. Al-Jami’ Lil Masail Uṣul Al-Fiqh Wa Tatbiqatuha ‘Ala Al-Madẓab Al-Rajih. Riyad-Saudi: Maktabah Ar-Rusyd. 2000.
al-Yassu’i, Louwis Ma’luf & al-Yassu’i, Bernard Tottel. Al-Munjîd fîl Lughah wa al-A’lam. Beirut: Dār El-Machreq Sarl Publiṣers. 1986.
az-Zuhailī, Wahbah. Uṣūl Fiqh al-Islāmī. Damaskus: Dār al-Fikr. 1986. Jilid. 2.
Fahlefi, Rizal. "Implementasi Maṣlahah Dalam Kegiatan Ekonomi Syariah". Jurnal JURIS. 14 (2). Desember 2015: h. 225-233.
Khodijah Iṣak, "Maqaṣid Syari'ah dan Maṣlahah Dalam Ekonomi dan Bisnis Syariah", Iqtiṣaduna Jurnal Ilmiah Ekonomi Kita, 1 (5), Juni 2014: h. 659-672.
Institute, Tim DSN MUI. "Dewan Syariah Nasional-Majelis Ulama Indonesia dan Ke-DPSan". Dipresentasikan pada 8 Juni 2023.
MUI, DSN. "Produk-Fatwa", Situs Resmi DSN MUI”. Terakhir diakses pada 12 Juni 2023 pukul 20.34 WIB. https://dsnmui.or.id/kategori/fatwa/
RI, Humas Kemensetneg. "Jalankan Konsep Ekonomi dan Keuangan Syariah Terkini, Perlu Fatwa Ulama". Situs Resmi Kementrian Sekretariat Negara Republik Indonesia. 27 Oktober 2020. Terakhir diakses pada 12 Juni 2023 pukul 20.26 WIB. https://www.setneg.go.id/baca/index/jalankan_konsep_ekonomi_dan_keuangan_syariah_terkini_perlu_fatwa_ulama
Published
2023-08-26
Abstract viewed = 43 times
PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) downloaded = 52 times
How to Cite
Risyda Nurul Qolbi. (2023). Metode Istiṣlah (Maṣlahah) Dan Posisinya Dalam Menyelesaikan Persoalan Ekonomi Modern. Sharia and Economy: Jurnal Hukum Ekonomi Syariah Dan Keuangan Islam (Sharecom) , 1(1), 30-39. Retrieved from https://ejurnal.iiq.ac.id/index.php/sharecom/article/view/1020