RAGAM QIRA’AT DAN PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP RASM ‘UTSMÂNÎ
The history of the Qur'an indicates that in the early period of Islamic history, the Qur'an was written "bald", without the slightest punctuation. A new vocalization system was introduced later. Even so, 'Uthman's race did not pose a problem at all because the Muslims at that time learned the Qur'an directly from their companions, by memorizing, and not from writing. They do not rely on manuscripts or writings. So Arabic writing is not the cause of the birth of differences in qira'at. In fact, he was very helpful in studying the authentic qira'at-qira'at with the situation at the time of writing the 'Uthmân mushhaf, namely the absence of punctuation. The main guideline is not writing because if there is one reading that may be contained in, and is in accordance with the Ottoman Mushaf, but is not narrated from the Messenger of Allah, then that reading is rejected by Islamic scholars because the basis of qira'at is history. The variety of qira'at already existed before the Rasm and the Rasm of the Qur'an was agreed upon and made in such a way that it could represent and accommodate the various qira'at received.
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