Kepemimpinan Non-Muslim dalam Wacana Tafsir

Studi Analisis Makna Kata Awliyā’ dalam Al-Qur’an

  • Fatimah Askan Universitas Pamulang
Keywords: Kepemimpinan Non-Muslim, awliyâ’

Abstract

This study uses the method of interpretation mauḍū’i. Through this method, the researcher traces and collects the verses of the Qur'an which refer to non-Muslim leadership, namely verses that contain the word awliyā’, then the verses are discussed and studied in depth to become a basis for answers the main problem being discussed. Historical studies have also been used, considering that this study deals with Jewish and Christian communities. This approach will be seen in the background study of the descent of the verse, the disclosure of the situation of Ahl al-Kitāb when the Qur'an was revealed and their interaction with the Muslims. From the historical side, it will be known the journey of their social interaction, then used as an objective assessment. Finally, in-depth analysis of the results of the search and collection of information from the verses of the Qur'an based on the two methods above, with the angle of analysis focused on non-Muslim leadership in three spheres; family scope, community scope and state scope.

References

Audah, Ali, Konkordansi Qur’an Panduan dalam Mencari Ayat Qur’an, Bogor: Pustaka Litera Antar Nusa, 2003.
Al-Ashfahaniy, ar-Raghib, Mu’jam Mufradāt Alfāzh Al-Qur’an,Beirut:Dar al-Fikr, t.t.
Al-Baqiy, Muhammad Fuad ‘Abd, Mu’jam Mufahras lī Alfāzh Al-Qur’ān al-Karîm, Kairo: Dar al-Hadits, 2001 M/1422 H.
Al-Bukhariy, Muhammad bin Ismail bin Ibrahim, Terjemahan Hadits Shahīh al-Bukhāriy, diterjemahkan oleh Zainuddin Hamidy, et al. dari Shahīh al-Bukhāriy, Cet. ke-5, Jilid 1, 2, Malaysia, Selangor: Klang Book Centre, 1997.
Al-Buthiy, Muhammad Sa’id Ramadhan, Fiqh as-Sīrah; Dirasāt Manhajiyah ‘Ilmiyah lī Shirāh al-Musthafā ‘Alaih as-Shalāh wa as-Salām, terj. Aunur Rafiq Shaleh Tamhid Jakarta: Robbani Press, 1999.
Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, Edisi kedua, Jakarta: Balai Pustaka, 1996.
Djazuli, A., Fiqh Siyasah Implementasi Kemaslahatan Umat dalam Rambu-rambu Syari’ah, Edisi Revisi, Jakarta: Prenada Media, 2009.
Faris, Abu al-Husayn ibn, Mu’jam al-Maqāyis fī al-Lughah, Beirut:Dar al-Fikr, 1415 H/1994 M.
Faris, Muhammad Abd al-Qadir Abu, Nizhām al-Siyāsi fî al-Islām, terj. Musthalah Maufur, Jakarta: Robbani Press, 2000.
Ghazali, Abdul Rahman, Fiqh Munakahat, Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group, 2008
Haikal, Muhammad Husein, Hayāt Muhammad, Kairo: Mathba’ah al-Sunnah al-Muhammadiyah, 1968.
Hamka, Tafsir al-Azhar, Singapura: Pustaka Nasional, t.th.
Khan, Qamaruddin, Pemikiran Politik Ibn Taimiyah, The Political Thought of Ibn Taimiyah,terj. Anas Mahyudin, Bandung: Pustaka, 1995.
Katsir, Abi al-Fida Isma’il ibn, Tafsīr Al-Qur’an al-‘Azhīm, Kairo:Maktabah al-Tsaqafi, 2001 M.
Al-Mawardiy, Abi Hasan ibn Muhammad, al-Ahkām as-Sulthāniyyah wa Wilāyah al-Dîniyyah, terj. Fadli Bahri, Bekasi: Darul Falah, 2012.
Al-Maraghiy, Ahmad Musthafa, Tafsīr al-Marāghiy, juz 3, 4, 5, 15, 27, terj. Bahrun Abubakar, Semarang: Tohaputra, 1987.
Al-Maududi, Abu A’la, Hukum dan Konstitusi, Sistem Politik Islam, diterjemahkanoleh Asep Hikmat dari judul The Islamic Law and Constitution, Cet. Keempat, Bandung: Mizan, 1995.
Munawir, Ahmad Warson, Kamus Al-Munawwir, Yogyakarta: Pondok Pesantren al-Munawwir, 1984.
Ma’luf, Luwis, al-Munjīd, Beirut: al-Mathba’ah katolik, t.th.
Mandzur, Abi al-Fadhil Jamal al-Dîn bin Mukrim Ibn, Lisān al-‘Arabi, Kairo: Daral-Mishriyyah, tt..
Musa, Moh. Yusuf, Politik dan Negara dalam Islam, Nizhām al-Hukmi fī al-Islām, terj. M. Thalib, Surabaya: al-Ikhlas, 1990.
An-Naisabury, Muslim bin Hajjaj al-Qusyairy, Shahīh Muslim, terj. Ma’mur Daud, Malaysia: Klang Book Centre, 1995.
Nasution, Harun (ed.), Ensiklopedia Islam Indonesia, Jakarta: Djambatan, 1992.
An-Nawawiy, Abu Zakaria Yahya bin Syaraf, Riyādh ash-Shālihīn min Kalāmi Sayyidi al-Mursalîn, jilid I, II, cet. 15, terj. Salim Bahreisy, Bandung: Al-Ma’arif, 2000.
Purwanto, Ngalim, Administrasi dan Supervisi Pendidikan, Bandung: RemajaRosdakarya, 2001.
Al-Qurthubiy, Abu‘Abdullah bin Ahmad, al-Jamī’ li Ahkām Al-Qur’an, Beirut: Dar al-Kitab al-‘Ilmiyyah, 1408 H./1988 M.
Qaradhawi, Yusuf, Hady al-Islâm Fatāwiy Mu’āshirah, terj. Abdul Hayyie al-Kattani, et al, Jakarta: Gema Insani Press, 2002
Ridha, Muhammad Rasyid, Tafsīr Al-Qur’an al-‘Azhīm, Beirut:Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 2005.
Ar-Razi, Fakhruddin Muhammadibn‘Umar ibn Husain ibn Hasan ibn ‘Ali Tamimiy al-Bakr, Mafātih al-Ghayb, Jilid 6, Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 2000.
Sahabudin (ed.), et al. Ensiklopedia Al-Quran: Kajian Kosa Kata, Jakarta: Lentera hati, 2007.
Shiddieqy, Muhammad Hasbi, Tafsīr Al-Quran al-Majīd al-Nûr, Semarang: Pustaka Rizki Putra, 2000.
______, Ilmu Kenegaraan dalam Fiqh Islam, Cet. kedua,Jakarta: Bulan Bintang, 1991.
Shaleh,.Q. dan Dahlan, A.A., Asbabun Nuzul Latar Belakang HistorisTurunnya Ayat-Ayat al-Qur’an, Edisi Kedua, Bandung: Diponegoro, 2000.
Shihab, M. Quraish, Wawasan Al-Qur’an Tafsir Tematik atas Pelbagai PersoalanUmat, Bandung: Mizan, 2007.
_______, Tafsir al-Mishbah Pesan Kesan dan Keserasian Al-Qur’an, vol. 1, 2,3, 6, 10, 12,Jakarta:LenteraHati, 2002
______, Tafsir Al-Qur’an al-Karim Tafsir Surat–surat Pendek Berdasar Urutan Turunnya Wahyu, Bandung: Pustaka Hidayat, 1997.
Asy-Sya’rawiy, Muhammad Mutawalli, Tafsīr asy-Sya’rawiy, jilid 5,Kairo: Akhbar al-Yaum 1411 H/1991 M.
Syafi’i, Inu Kencana, Al-Qur’an dan Ilmu Administrasi, Jakarta: Rineka Cipta,2000.
Sabiq, Sayid, Fiqh Sunnah, diterjemahkan oleh Mahyudin Syaf, Bandung: Alma’arif, 1978.
Al-Thabariy, Abi Ja’far Muhammad ibn Jarir, Jamī’ al-Bayān fī Ta’wīl Al-Quran Beirut:Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyah, 2000.
Tasmara, Toto, Etos Kerja Pribadi Muslim, Yogyakarta: Dana Bhakti Wakaf, 1995.
Thabathaba’i, Sayyid Muhammad Husein, al-Mizān fī Tafsīr Al-Qur’an, Jilid 3, Beirut: Muassasah al-A’lami li al-Mathbu’at, 1391 H/1972 M.
Yahya, Mukhtar dan Fatchurrahman, Dasar-dasar Pembinaan Hukum Fiqh Islam, Bandung: al-Ma’arif, 1993.
Yatim, Badri, Sejarah Peradaban Islam, Jakarta, Raja Grafindo Persada, 1996.
Zuhailiy, Wahbah, Tafsīr al-Wasīth, Juz 1, 3, Suriah: Dar al-Fikr, 2001/1422.
Zuhailiy, Wahbah, Tafsīr al-Munīr fî al-Aqīdah wa al-Sharī’āh wa al-Manhaj, Jilid 2, Suriah: Dar al Fikr, 2003.
Published
2019-02-28
Abstract viewed = 35 times
PDF downloaded = 16 times