Solusi Al-Qur’an Terhadap Ujaran Kebencian

Pendekatan Maṣlaḥah Najmuddin Al-Ṭufi

  • Moh. Bakir Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ushuluddin (STIU) al-Mujtma’ Pamekasan
Keywords: Utterances of hate, maṣlaḥah, Najmuddin al-Ṭufi

Abstract

This article wants to explore the Qur'anic view of the utterances of hate with the approach of the theory of maṣlaḥah Najmuddin al-Ṭufi in the book Risālah fī Ri’āyah al-Maṣlaḥah. The author's findings indicate that the Al-Qur'an as a universal scripture emphasizes the importance of safeguarding actions that have the potential to cause noise, conflict, social disintegration and hurt others, both in the form of speech, attitudes, and actions. While the maṣlaḥah according to imam al-Ṭufi is one whose existence gives rise to harmony and does not cause tyranny or harm to anything and anyone. So provocative actions, such as naming, pitting, hoaxes, spreading hate speech and things that can ignite anger from other parties can be suppressed if both pay attention to common concerns. According to him, legally, if an action is clear, the prohibited argument in the text is like the prohibition of cursing, pitting sheep, utterances of hatred, hoax, adultery, gambling, khamar and so on, then the law is forbidden even though these things have a good element for some people especially the culprit.

References

aṭ-Ṭufi, Najmuddin, Kitab at-Ta’yīn fī Sharḥ al-Arba’īn, Beirut: Muassasah Al-Rayyan, 1998.
------, Sharaḥ Mukḥtaṣar ar-Rauḍah, juz. III, Suria: Muassassah al-Risalah, 1989.
as-Sayih , Ahmad Abd Rahim, Risālah fī Ria’āyat al-Maṣlaḥa li Imam al-Ṭufi, Mesir: Dar al-Misriyah al-Lubnaniyah, 1993.
Asphianti, “Aan Ujaran Kebencian dalam sudut Pandang Hukum Positif dan Islam”, Al-Risalah, Vol 17, No 1, 2017.
Amanwinata, Rukmana ,“Sistem Pemerintahan Indonesia”, Dialektika, Vol. 2, No. 2, Tahun 2001.
-------, “Pengaturan dan Batas Implementasi Kemerdekaan Berserikat Dan Bergan kumpul Dalam Pasal 28 UUD 1945”, Disertasi (Pascasarjana Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung: Unpad, 1996).
Al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid, al-Muṣṭashfā fī ‘Ilm al-Uṣūl, Jilid. II, Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyah, 1983.
al-Shaṭibi, Abu Ishaq, al-Muwāfaqāt fī Uṣūl al-Sharī’ah, Jilid II, Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-Alamiyah, t.th.
al-Salam, Izzuddin ibn Abd al-Aziz, Qawā’id al-Aḥkām fī Iṣlāh al-Anām, Damaskus: Dar Qalam, t.th.
al-Rahman, Abd, Jalaluddin, al-Maṣlaḥa al-Mursala, Beirut : Dar al-Kutub al-Jami’, 1983
Amir Muallim dan Yusdani, Konfigurasi Pemikiran Hukum Islam, Yogyakarta: UII Press Indonesia, 1999
al-Zuhaili, Wahbah, Uṣul al-Fiqh al-Islām, Juz.I, Suria: Dar al-Fikr, 1986
Dahlan, Azis, Abdul, Ensiklopedi Hukum Islam. (ed.), Jilid 6, Jakarta: PT Ichtiar Baru Van Hoeve, 1997
Zaid, Musthafa, al-Maṣlaḥah fī al-Tashri’ al-Islāmī wa Najmuddin al-Ṭufi, Dar al-Fikr al-Arabi, t.th.
Zaqiu Rahman, “Surat Edaran Kapolri Tentang Ujaran Kebencian (Hate Speech), Akankah membelenggu Kebebasan Berpendapat ?”, Jurnal RechtsVinding, 1 Januari 2017
“Kasus Rizieq Sebut Kapolda 'Berotak Hansip' Diselidiki” https://m.tempo.co/read/ news/2017/01/17/064836999/kasus-rizieq-sebut kapolda-berotak-hansip-diselidiki, diakses Tanggal 20 Januari 2017.
“Dilaporkan Soal Logo Palu Arit, Rizieq: Harusnya Ada Mediasi” https://m.tempo.co/read/news/2017/01/17/063836845/dilaporkan-soallogo-palu-arit-rizieq-harusnya-ada-mediasi, dikases pada tanggal 10 Januari 2018.
“Polisi Hentikan Kasus Dugaan Penistaan Agama Ade Armando” https:// news.detik.com/berita/d- 3427273/polisi-hentikan-kasus-dugaan-penis-taan- agama-ade-armando, diakses pada tanggal 10 Januari 2018.
Yusdani, “al-Ṭufi dan Teorinya tentang Maslahat”, http://www. scribd.com/doc/ 22686906/Maslahat-AL-ṬUFI. Diakses tanggal 20 November 2018.
Published
2019-02-28
Abstract viewed = 267 times
PDF downloaded = 226 times